Types of Pipes, Fittings, Pipe Joints, and Valves

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You should know all about the types of Pipes, Fittings, Pipe Joints, and Valves before you make up your mind for plumbing services in Richmond near me 


Type of pipes:

Galvanized pipe – That’s an old school type pipe. It erodes from inside. It needs to be replaced with copper or PEX type modern pipes.

Black cast iron type of pipes used for sewer waste and drainage piping and fittings. There are different kinds of pipes for drains. Shear coupling with Ct adapters used for repairs and new installations.

PVC type of pipe is used for multiple things outside of the country as a portable water supply system and the use of CPVC for portable hot water locally. CPVC type of pipe is used for the discharge line on a TNP valve on a water heater. Pvc is not used for hot water transportation, it is used in replacement of black cast iron pipes under the ground and in the walls too. Commercial buildings generally use a PVC type of pipe. Newer pipes are PEX plastic water lines that are flexible, and it is taking the place of copper pipes now.



Pressure fittings are mostly used for water supply lines and irrigation systems.

Most of the fittings come in copper with k,l, and m thickness, lead-free solder for regular use of water. Normally, plumbers prefer the use of soft copper pipes under the slab as there are no fittings there.


Types of Fittings:

  • Collar
  • Elbow
  • Gasket
  • Union
  • Reducer
  • Tee
  • Nipple
  • Trap


Types of pipe joints:

  • Threaded joint
  • Welded joint (butt welded, socket welded)
  • Brazed joint
  • Soldered joint
  • Grooved joint
  • Flanged joint
  • Compression joint


Types of Valves:

Sluice Valves, Scour valve, Air valve, Gate valve (Types of gate valve Gate valves have gates of wedge type, solid or split type, or gate of a double-disc or parallel type), Parallel slide valve, Globe valve, Angle valve, Check valve or non-return valve, Ferrule, Foot valve, Float valve


Make sure which pipe is needed for the problem because there are different types of pipes used with different fitting and have different connection techniques. Getting the right pipe and the right fitting in the right situation is key in plumbing in Vancouver.